Abdominal aortic aneurysm — Enlargement of the lower area of the major blood vessel (aorta) that supplies blood to the body.
American Heart Association – A charitable organization and provider of information about heart disease.
Angioplasty — A procedure to open narrowed or clogged arteries by placing a small tube in an artery to keep it open and prevent it from narrowing. Often combined with a stent to keep the artery open.
Angina Pectoris – Discomfort in your chest that can come on with exertion and subsides when you rest. It usually is substernal (behind the breastbone) but it can occur anywhere in the chest or down an arm or up into the neck and jaw.
Annulus – A ring of tough fibrous tissue that is attached to and supports the leaflets of a heart valve.
Aorta – Large artery leaving the heart. All blood pumped out of the left ventricle travels through the aorta on its way to other parts of the body.
Arrhythmia – An abnormality of the heart rhythm. Normally you are in “normal rhythm.” An arrhythmia is when this is disturbed and can lead to irregularities in the heart beat with skipped beats. It can also be a slow rate called bradyarrhythmia or a fast rate called tachyarrhythmia.
Atherosclerosis– A common cause of (coronary artery disease).The hardening of the arteries. This is the most common cause of a heart attack.
Atrial Fibrillation – The most common arrhythmia in people over the age of 40. It is an irregularity of the atria. In other words the atria are no longer beating in a regular synchronous rhythm. “The heart is out of rhythm.” Over 2 ½ million people have atrial fibrillation. It can lead to blood clots that may travel to the brain and cause a stroke.
Body mass indicator (BMI) – A numerical value of your weight in relation to your height. A BMI of 18.5 to 25 kg indicates a normal weight.
Blood Pressure – High blood pressure affects 1 out 4 people over 50 and is a major cause for heart attacks and strokes. High blood pressure can be treated with daily monitoring, medicine, diet and physical activity.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) – To learn more about CPR or find a course, visit heart.org/CPR.
Cardiac arrest – Occurs when the heart malfunctions and stops beating unexpectedly. Cardiac arrest is an “electrical” problem.
Cholesterol – A fatty substance in the blood. High cholesterol is prevalent in over 50 million Americans and needs to be treated to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke. There are many medications available to lower cholesterol in addition to following a low fat/low cholesterol diet.
Cardiovascular Disease – Disease of the heart and/or circulation system. 80% of cardiovascular disease is preventable.
Congenital Heart Defects – Heart defects present at birth.
C-reactive protein (CRP) – A biomarker of inflammation, if elevated increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Consult with your physician to have it tested.
Dr. Semler’s HeartPerks (SHP) – The Company founded by Dr. Herb Semler, a Mayo trained Cardiologist with many years of treating patients with heart disease. Dr. Semler’s HeartPerks app provides a reminder to take care of your heart for a healthy way of life.
Dr. Semler’s HeartPerks App – The first interactive mobile app specifically for the prevention of heart disease. The app shows people how to lower the risk factors for a heart attack. It educates and motivates people to get up and walk!
Dyspnea – shortness of breath that can be due to a heart and/or lung condition.
Framingham heart study – A study that provides the scientific evidence that makes us aware that over 80% of acquired cardiovascular disease is preventable.
Heart Attack – A heart attack occurs when the blood flow to the heart muscle is blocked, therefore the blood carrying oxygen can’t get to the heart muscle which is called the myocardium and the muscle loses its function and can’t contract. The person has what is called a myocardial infarction. Myocardial meaning muscle and infarction meaning death of tissue.
Myocardial infarction – A heart attack. Myocardial meaning muscle and infarction meaning death of tissue.
Myocardium – Heart muscle.
Heart Failure – A condition when the heart can’t pump enough blood to the lungs and the rest of the body so that the person becomes short of breath, weak and tired and often have swelling of the ankles. It usually comes on gradually and can be chronic.
Heart Murmur – An extra sound when one listens to the heart, like a swishing sound that can be detected with a stethoscope. Normally the heart has a first and second sound which you can hear as “lub dub, lub dub.”
Homocystinuria – A metabolic disorder that can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. It can be detected with a blood test. Check with your physician for further information and treatment.
Hypertension – High blood pressure.
Hypotension – Low blood pressure.
Insulin – A hormone produced by the pancreas that helps regulate the body’s blood sugar level.
Lipid – Fat circulating in the blood.
Obesity Epidemic – America has an epidemic of obesity that leads to high blood pressure and diabetes, both of which increase the risk for a heart attack and stroke. Obesity can be treated with diet, exercise, and medications. Morbid obesity may require bariatric surgery.
Occlusion – Blockage or narrowing of an artery.
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) — Reduced blood flow in arteries to your legs. PAD affects 10 million people over the age of 50 and can be easily detected by your physician and treated.
Physical inactivity – Physical inactivity increases the risk for heart attacks by over 30%. The American Heart Association recommends 20 to 30 minutes of physical activity 4 to 5 times a week. This is equivalent to 2000 to 4000 steps a day using Dr. Semler’s HeartPerks App. 2,000 steps is equal to 1 mile and approximately 100 calories.
Pulmonary Embolism – This is when a blood clot occurs in the lungs. The clots can be small or large and usually form in the leg veins and travel to the lungs. Pulmonary emboli can simulate a heart attack and needs to be differentiated from a heart attack. Pulmonary means lungs and embolism means a blood clot.
Plaque– An accumulation of fats, cholesterol, calcium, and blood cells that block the flow of blood in the artery causing a heart attack.
Sedentary Lifestyle – Physical inactivity or a sedentary lifestyle is a leading contributor to heart disease and can increase the incidence of a heart attack by over 20%.
Smoking – Smoking increases the risk for a heart attack by 49%. Despite this fact, 19% of the population still smokes.
Smoking Cessation – There are many ways to stop smoking including lozenges, patches, prescription medications and even stop smoking clinics.
Stress Management – Excessive stress can be helped with stress management, including meditation, counseling, physical activity, and inspirational music.
Veins – Blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart.
The following resources and links provided are for informational purposes only and are not endorsed by Dr. Semler’s HeartPerks. The list was created and reviewed by Dr. Herb Semler March 8, 2017.
For the latest news in Cardiology visit the American College of Cardiology website: www.acc.org
The American Heart Association is one of the main providers of information about heart disease and strokes. For helpful information on how to live a heart healthy lifestyle visit: www.americanheart.org
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention provides general information about heart disease. To learn more please visit: https://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/about.htm
For general information about The Cleveland Clinic Heart & Vascular Institute please visit: www.clevelandclinic.org/heartcenter
Quickly and easily estimate your 10-year risk of having a heart attack with this helpful heart and vascular risk assessment tool provided by the Cleveland Clinic.
ASCVD Risk Estimator: http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/heart-center-risk-tool
Go Red for Women is a support community and social initiative created by the American Heart Association, designed to empower women to take charge of their heart health. For more information please visit: www.Goredforwomen.org
Click here for the Mayo Clinic Heart Disease Risk Calculator to find out your risk of cardiovascular disease: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-disease/in-depth/heart-disease-risk/itt-20084942
The National Coalition for Women with Heart Disease provides a forum for women seeking information about heart disease. Visit www.womenheart.org
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration: Eat for a Healthy Heart Guide is available to download for free here: www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm199058.htm
Click here for the Heart Quiz: How well do you know your heart? Provided by WebMD
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